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Vorlesung "Preparation and Properties of Solid Catalysts and Functional Materials"

PD Dr. Yvonne Traa


1. Classification of Solid Catalysts

1.1 According to Texture

1.2 According to the Distribution of the Active Sites

1.3 According to the Chemical Nature of the Active Sites

1.4 Promoters

2. Preparation of Solid Catalysts

2.1 Precipitation

2.2 Impregnation

2.3 Fused Catalysts

2.4 Skeletal Metal Catalysts

2.5 The Sol-Gel Process

2.6 Hydrothermal Synthesis

2.7 Ion Exchange

2.8 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)

2.9 Aerosol Processes

2.10 Further Methods for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials

2.11 Heterogenization of Transition Metal Complexes and Enzymes

2.12 Catalyst Forming

3. Acid Base Catalysis

3.1 Solid Acids and Bases

3.2 Solid Superacids and Superbases

3.3 The Formation of Carbocations from Hydrocarbons over Acid Catalysts

3.4 Acid-Catalyzed Isomerization of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

3.5 Acid-Catalyzed Cracking of Alkanes

3.6 Alkylation of Isobutane with Alkenes

3.7 Alkylation of Aromatics with Alkenes

4. Catalysis on Metals

4.1 The Horiuti-Polanyi Mechanism

4.2 Skeletal Isomerization of Alkanes

4.3 Hydrogenolysis

4.4 The Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

4.5 Spillover Effects

4.6 Strong Metal Support Interaction (SMSI)

4.7 Structure-Sensitive and Structure-Insensitive Reactions

4.8 Size Effects: Nanomaterials

5. Bifunctional Catalysis

5.1 Differences Between Monofunctional and Bifunctional Catalysis

5.2 Reaction Mechanism of Bifunctional Catalysis

5.3 The Intimacy Criterion after P. B. Weisz

6. Selective Oxidations

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Mechanisms for the Oxidation of Hydrocarbons at the Surface of Solids

6.3 Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Hydrocarbons

6.4 Selective Oxidations of Aromatics

6.5 The Epoxidation of Alkenes

6.6 Ammoximation of Ketones

6.7 The Ammoxidation

7. Hydrotreating

8. Shape-Selective Catalysis

8.1 Dimensions of Molecules

8.2 The Pore Dimensions of Zeolites

8.3 The Molecular Sieve Effect

8.4 Definition of Shape-Selective Catalysis

8.5 Classification of Shape-Selective Effects

8.6 Intrazeolitic Mass Transfer and Shape-Selective Catalysis

9. Catalyst Deactivation

lecture notes:

Chapter 2.10: Further Methods for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials

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